Stretching or tearing of the ligaments causing injury

For people with diabetes, having an excessive level of glucose (sugar) in their blood for a prolonged time can be a source of some serious complications, including foot problems.

Here are 15 facts about foot disorders caused by diabetes, and the types of surgeries that can be used once they arise.

  1. A number of different types of foot problems can arise in patients with diabetes.
  2. Two main conditions, peripheral artery disease (PAD) and peripheral neuropathy, are responsible for the amplified risk of foot problems in individuals with diabetes.
  3. Symptoms and signs of diabetic foot problems occur because of the reduced sensation from nerve damage as well as the lack of oxygen delivery to the feet caused by vascular disease.
  4. People with diabetes have an increased risk of ulcers and damage to the feet.
  5. Diabetic foot problems also include bunionscornscalluseshammertoesfungal infections, dryness of the skin, and ingrown toenails. These problems are not limited to diabetes but may occur more frequently due to the nerve and vascular damage provoked by diabetes.
  6. Treatment options depend on the particular type of foot problem. Surgery, or even amputation may be required for some cases.
  7. Gangrene (dry gangrene) is tissue death due to lack of good blood flow. It can be life-threatening if bacterial infection progresses.
  8. Many diabetes-related foot conditions can be prevented by good control of blood sugar levels combined with appropriate care of the feet.
  9. A diabetic foot ulcer is an open sore, or wound on the foot of a patient with diabetes, most usually situated on the plantar surface, or bottom of the foot.
  10. Debridement is a surgical procedure used to clean out dead, or infected skin and tissue from a foot ulcer. It permits your foot surgeon in Raleigh to evaluate the extent of the soft tissue mutilation and boost the healing process.
  11. If the results of diagnostic tests indicate that poor blood flow caused by lower extremity arterial disease is preventing a foot ulcer from fully healing, a vascular surgeon may perform one, or more procedures to increase blood flow.
  12. Atherectomy is a procedure in which a surgeon clears a clogged artery by shaving, cutting, or vaporizing plaque - a waxy substance composed of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other materials in the blood.
  13. A leg bypass is a surgical procedure, which allows the surgeon to create a new route for blood to travel around a blocked artery, restoring blood flow to the leg and foot.
  14. A particularly useful role of surgery in the management of the diabetic foot is to intervene at an early stage to correct deformities in order to relieve pressure areas and reduce the risk of developing an ulcer (eg. tenotomy or exostectomy).
  15. Achilles tendon tenotomy may be used to correct a tight Achilles tendon that is causing flexible equinus deformity in the foot.

Orthopedic foot doctors in Raleigh, Holly Springs, Garner and Cary

Raleigh Orthopaedic Clinic’s Board Certified orthopedic foot doctors in Raleigh, have many years of experience in diagnosing and treating even the most complex foot and ankle conditions for patients of all ages, and with various conditions. We work closely with our foot surgeons in Raleigh to provide patients with conservative treatment options, performing in-office procedures, if necessary.

Make an appointment with your foot surgeons in Raleigh (or our other locations) to get specialized treatment with a personal approach.

foot surgeon raleigh

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

How often do you think about your feet? Do you even realize what a big role your feet and ankles play in your everyday life? It is thanks to them that you can perform the most basic of activities: getting out of bed in the morning, walking to your car, driving to work, playing with your kids, etc. Your everyday life literally depends on keeping your feet and ankles in good health.


Of course, we often forget about them, ignoring them to the point of neglect. The trouble starts as soon as they start acting up. Most people don’t even realize how many foot-related conditions are out there. In fact, there are so many that there is a whole separate department of medicine focused solely (see what we did there?) on the feet and ankles, called podiatry. In our orthopedic centers in Boca Raton and Boynton Beach, we have podiatrist: Desiree Garzon, DPM . He is one who will get you back on your feet, so to speak! 🙂

This article will prove helpful to people who are either struggling with a foot or ankle-related condition or are interested in preventing one from developing. Here are a couple simple guidelines on how to keep your feet in good shape.  

How common are foot and ankle conditions?

They are very common, and there are plenty of them. They occur because we tend to forget about taking good care of our feet, and sometimes they remind us of our mistake. What are some of the most frequently occurring conditions? Achilles tendinitis, arthritis of the foot and ankle, athlete's foot, bunions, claw toe, clubfoot, corns and calluses, plantar fasciitis, and various fractures - just to name a few. As mentioned at the beginning of the article, foot and ankle conditions can be especially frustrating, as they can so easily prevent patients from having a normal life. Everyday activities like walking or driving can be a challenge, not to mention activities of higher intensity, such as dancing or playing sports. On the bright side, most conditions can be quickly and easily treated with the use of either conservative or surgical treatment.

What kind of treatment is available?

This will of course depend of the case, but there are many options available. The doctor will most likely recommend trying out non-surgical options at first. They include:

If those fail to improve your symptoms, your podiatrist may decide you need to undergo a surgical procedure. To find out more about possible surgical options of the foot and ankle, please visit our online Foot and Ankle Center. Here are just a few examples of the kinds of information you will find there:

How to prevent foot and ankle problems?

Prevention plays a key role in maintaining good health, and that goes for your feet and ankles, too. Did you know that there are 26 bones and 33 joints in the human foot and ankle, and the height of arches and the shape of the toes vary from person to person? How can you make sure you’re taking good care of them?


First and foremost, you need to choose the right foot attire. Here are just a few simple guidelines on how to pick your shoes, according to American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS):

Your diet and lifestyle is also crucial. For instance, it’s been scientifically proven that your food choices can have a big influence on osteoarthritis. More on that here.


Orthopaedic Surgeon in Boynton Beach - When is the right time to see a podiatrist?

There is no right answer to that question, but we believe you should consult our Orthopaedic Surgeon in Boca Raton and Boynton Beach as soon as you start to experience any pain. Your doctor will be able to determine what’s causing it and what the best ways are to ease the symptoms. Our center is known for its team of professional and experienced orthopedic specialists, including some of the best podiatrists in Palm Beach County.  Here at Orthopaedic Surgery Associates, our professional team of orthopedic surgeons will do all they can to get you up and running again. For more information about our facility, visit our website or contact us today. We are looking forward to seeing you soon!

orthopaedic surgeon in boca raton

Running is the most popular form of exercise. It can be done whenever and wherever, alone or with company, without the use of expensive gear or special equipment. Many people believe that running can significantly reduce the risk of a heart disease, prevent obesity and diabetes, and strengthen muscles and bones construction. However, recently, this form of exercise has been gaining a bad reputation for causing knee injuries and increasing inflammation in joints. Is this true? Can running actually cause osteoarthritis? To find out we asked a renowned orthopedic surgeon Boca Raton:

Our Orthopedic Surgeon in Boca Raton believes that most forms of exercise can be beneficial for our health.

And running, although perceived as an exercise that can overburden bones, muscles and joints, is actually a lot more beneficial than it is given credit for. According to a recent study, it not only doesn’t cause inflammation in the knee joint - it actually reduces it! Which means that, in the long run, regular running can protect you from degenerative diseases, including osteoarthritis. Specifically, according to Matt Seeley, PhD (Brigham Young University):

Matt Seeley, PhD (Brigham Young University) believes that “the notion of running having a bad influence on the knees is a myth. During his study he analyzed samples of fluid taken from the knee joints of healthy men and women, ages 18 to 35, both before and after a 30-minute run. Specifically, they measured the synovial fluid for two proteins (called GM-CSF and IL-15) that indicate the presence of harmful inflammation. They found that levels of both proteins went down after 30 minutes of running, suggesting a decrease in overall inflammation in the joint. To rule out other factors that may have contributed to the drop, the researchers also performed a “control” test, taking fluid samples before and after a 30-minute seated rest. During that test, protein levels did not change between samples1”.

Consult our Orthopedic Surgeons in Boca Raton before hitting the track

It seems that running is here to stay, and rightfully so - it is a great exercise for people of all ages. What’s important is the necessity to run in proper shoes that will protect your legs from any injuries. If you’d like to take up on running but are unsure if your condition allows this sort of exercise, make sure to make an appointment with our Orthopedic Surgeon Boca Raton who - after careful assessment - can determine whether running is something you can consider. Give us a call or request an appointment online - we look forward to seeing you soon.


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Orthopedic Doctor Boca Raton - Can your diet influence osteoarthritis pain?

It seems like the awareness of how the way we eat can influence our bodies is growing steadily, not only among youngsters, but the among elderly generations as well. It is a trend that we hope will stick around for longer, because the diet is without a doubt a factor that plays a great role in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Of course we all know that the foods we choose to eat can have a significant influence on our appearance but not many people associate the diet with... orthopedics. But according to
Dr. Manny Alvarez’s latest article, there are certain foods that can actually reduce the risk of osteoarthritis pain. He believes that “foods that are high in omega-3 fatty acids, like salmon, flaxseeds and walnuts”, when added to one’s everyday meals, can prevent the inflammation that causes the osteoarthritis. What are other examples of anti-inflammatory foods? He also mentions olive oil, ginger and turmeric to have a similar effect. So is this really true? Can we ‘treat’ osteoarthritis by only eating more of those products?

Unfortunately, the answer is not that simple. And while eating certain products can reduce the risk of osteoarthritis pain, the osteoarthritis itself (the most common form of arthritis) cannot be cured by any known treatment. We do not discourage the solutions offered by Dr. Alvarez as we also believe that enriching the diet with omega-3 fatty acids can be a great way to help prevent  osteoarthritis as well as relieve some of the pain it causes. But what can you do if in spite your efforts you end up with pain in your joints?

Boca Raton Orthopedic Surgeon - Other Treatment Options

There are many treatment options available. They include pain medications, cortisone injections, physical therapy and joint replacement surgery. It is important to know your options before making any decision. We recommend you pay your orthopedic doctor a visit and let him fix you up with the best possible treatment for your condition, as they may vary depending on the patient’s state. Do not expect a surgery if with your specific condition physical therapy is sufficient, and on the other hand, do not fear surgery if that’s what is required to treat your injury. At Orthopaedic Surgery Associates, our team of Orthopedic Doctor Boca Raton is available for appointments to determine which treatment option will be most beneficial in your case, so don’t hesitate to contact us and schedule your next appointment.

Orthopedics Boca Raton - Summary: Is changing your diet the only answer?

The diet can have tremendous effects on our health. It is important to explore the world of nutritional treatment and experiment with including or excluding certain foods from our diet to see if it helps, but this is just a part of the healing process. Be smart and approach your health holistically - make an appointment with one of our orthopedic doctors Boca Raton and see how we can help you.

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Orthopaedic Surgery Associates is a practice known not only for its excellent orthopedic specialists but also for a wide range of services we provide at our modern facilities in Boca Raton and Boynton Beach, among others including reconstructive spine surgery, disc surgery and fracture treatment. Today we would like to tell you more about surgery & corrective repair of the foot, another popular procedure performed by our orthopedic surgeons and podiatrists. Patients with foot problems find this one extremely helpful, because it effectively allows them to - well - get them back at their feet, so to speak! 🙂

Orthopedic Surgery Palm Beach County - Common foot problems

orthopedic surgery boca ratonThere are plenty of common foot problems that can make a patient’s life a pain. Foot-related bone trouble is especially annoying because it often prevents people from doing what they are used to doing. It interferes with the way they lead their everyday life, making it difficult to walk and move around. The good news is, most of them can be effectively treated surgically, and our orthopedic surgeons in Boca Raton and Boynton Beach are no strangers to those conditions! Flatfoot, cavus foot, halluxes and heel bumps - all of these conditions are treated at Orthopaedic Surgery Associates. Surgical correction of the above mentioned has proven most effective in terms of helping the patient get back to their normal day activities as soon as possible.  

Orthopedic Surgeons Boca Raton & Boynton Beach - Trust the professionals

Our entire team – consisting of orthopedic physicians (who are Board Certified and Fellowship trained in their fields), Registered Physical Therapists, Clinical Exercise Physiologists, Certified Physician Assistants, Occupational Therapists and Certified Hand Therapists – are experienced at helping patients with various orthopedic injuries. We are all here to make sure you get back on your feet as soon as possible! With our experienced and professional orthopedic doctors, your feet are at good hands 🙂
If you have any questions or would like to make an appointment, contact us today!


This article was written on behalf of OSA by RedCastle Services. Find out more about our SEO Orthopedics services.

Fractures and Breaks - what's the difference?

What’s the difference between fractures and breaks? It’s question not enough people ask! Simply put - a fracture and a break mean exactly the same. Both terms can be used interchangeably, meaning: a broken bone is in fact a fractured bone. Any loss in the bone integrity is considered a fracture, whether it’s visibly broken in half or just slightly cracked, a condition only to be spotted on an x-ray.


Even though ‘a fracture’ can seem slightly weaker in meaning, it is in fact just as strong as ‘a break’ and they both can relate to the exact same state. People tend to consider a fractured bone a minor contusion whereas a broken one is usually taken more seriously. Once again - both ‘fractured’ and ‘broken’ can relate to either a thinnest split or a bone shattered-into-pieces. Semantically both terms are equal, the only difference being that ‘fractured’ can seem medical, whereas ‘broken’ is perhaps more colloquial.

That being said, you shouldn’t necessarily associate ‘a break’ with a six-month-long cast period nor ‘a fracture’ with 3 days in bed. You should wait to hear the rest of the diagnosis before assuming too much.

In our centers - Orthopaedic Surgery Associates in Boca Raton and Boynton Beach (Palm Beach county) we mindfully treat any bone-related condition you come to us with. Our experienced orthopedic surgeons will talk you through the whole healing process, from the initial diagnosis to rehabilitation and physical therapy, answering any of the questions you might have. A fractured/broken bone can be healed effectively and with no unnecessary pain when treated by one of our orthopedic surgeons in Boynton Beach and Boca Raton. All the orthopedic doctors you find in our centers are just that! If you’re fed up with poor care provided by other orthopedic surgeons and want to be treated by physicians of highest quality, contact Orthopaedic Surgery Associates today.      


Our locations:

You can find us at these locations:

Boca Raton Location                                         Boynton Beach Location
1601 Clint Moore Road                                      2623 S Seacrest Boulevard, Suite 216
Boca Raton, FL 33487                                       Boynton Beach, FL, 33435
T: (561) 395-5733                                              T: (561) 734-5080
F: (561) 369-1332                                              F: (561) 369-133

You can read about all of our Palm Beach County orthopaedic surgeons and doctors by just clicking here - Our doctors


We’d love to hear from you.

Whether it’s post-injury help or consultation about your first symptoms, our orthopedic doctors provide total management of patient care. Contact us find out more about OSA, our doctors, and our facilities, or to get started as a patient.

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